Medicinal Plants and Ayurvedic Medicine

medicinal plants
Medicinal Plants- If any plant species or parts of any plant species have the capacity of redemption for diseases are known medicinal plants. In Bangladesh the medicinal plants are distributed in forest areas as well as in rural areas although in a lesser proportion. The medicinal plant can be classified into three major classes. Shrubby medicinal plant- Abroma augusta, Herby medicinal plant- Mimosa pudica, Tree species medicinal plant- Terminalia indica.

Ayurvedic Medicine- The medicines or drags which are derived from different plant parts (bark, leaves, fruits etc.) through different semi-scientific or country methods are known as ayurvedic medicine. The various plant parts which are available in forests as well as in homesteads used for producing ayurvedic medicine. The ayurvedic medicines are used through the world in different names such as kabirazi treatment, unani, herbal medicine etc. The ayurvedic medicine system is an ancient system which to the modern medicaments and these after detailed chemical and clinical trials have found place in several national pharmacopeias of the world. The ayurvedic medicines are usually characterized by specific and yet diverse metabolic effects on the human body. For example, the Arjunalist, an ayurvedic medicine produced from the bark of Arjun tree has been found very effective against heart diseases. Some ayurvedic medicine production industries in Bangladesh are Shadana, Shakti, Kundeshwari, Humdard laboratories, Mojaher.

Status of Ayurvedic Medicine in Bangladesh- Since time immemorial herbal medicines are in use all over Bangladesh. Once the country was rich in medicinal plants. The natural and homesteads forest used to support various medicinal plants species. But with the introduction of synthetic medicines, establishment of pharmaceutical industries, the destruction of source areas of ayurvedic plants in forest the ayurvedic medicine remain neglected. Considering the safe use of herbal medicines, they are gaining importance all over the world, where the Bangladesh in no exception. According a book published by the Bangladesh council of scientific and industrial research, there are 546 medicinal plant species remain in Bangladesh. Presently the ayurvedic industries of Bangladesh use almost 185 plant species for producing different medicine and drugs. It is unfortunate to say that about 70 80% of the drags and other raw materials used in ayurvedic medicines are imported from abroad and less than 50% plant material are being used in producing ayurvedic medicines and as a result these medicines are no longer been as much effective as earlier. Now to make the ayurvedic medicine as possible earlier times both survey and research should be carried out to develop nursery, planting techniques and management systems of the ayurvedic species to raise large scale commercial plantation.

Present Status of Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in Bangladesh- In poor country like Bangladesh, the medicinal plants are extensively used by the tribal people and the people who live in the rural areas. According to a BCSIR publication, there are almost 546 medicinal plant species in Bangladesh distributed in forest areas as well as in homestead forests and rural areas. With the rapid destruction of forests in Bangladesh, these medicinal species are losing their habitats and the stock is being reduced. In Bangladesh, the activities on MP are limited to research and some small-scale plantations and therefore nee immediate extension. The BFRI, BCSIR a recently the IFESCU have some research on the survey an active principal of MP along with some experimental plantation. The BFRI and BCSIR have surveyed the crude drug markets and got 154 plants which are very commonly used in different industries of which 47 species are imported from abroad, although 18 of these imported species are locally available and cultivable. The BFRI has preserved 34 MP species and research is being carried out to develop the nursery planting techniques and management systems of these species. Recently the IFESCU has developed an experimental cultivation plot with 50 MP species including 29 medicinal tree species in nursery area. Through medicinal species are easily available in our country and can be propagated easily, there is no organized commercial plantation for MPs in Bangladesh. In rural areas the farmer raise plantation in very small scale to meet their own requirements. By large scale plantation programme many valuable MP species can be planted in uncultivated, waste land, ground homesteads and even under large tree shades. To make the state, health for everybody the medicinal plant a great role. Now-a-days the government of Bangladesh is trying to popularize the cultivation of MP species by media advertisement and some other ways. Some medicinal tree species like Arjun, Khair etc. are being planted along road side land and with Agri-crop in some parts of the country.
Medicinal Plants and Ayurvedic Medicine Medicinal Plants and Ayurvedic Medicine Reviewed by Afsar on October 23, 2017 Rating: 5

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